December 2, 2017 – russia-armenia.info
Georgia was in a difficult situation. Aggressive politics M. Saakashvili, actively pushed from Baku, led to the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia. In fact, the Azerbaijani authorities cynically used Georgia and South Ossetia as an experimental ground for working out plans for a blitzkrieg. According to reports, on the morning of August 8, 2008, the Azerbaijani army was raised by alarm, and in the headquarters of the units on the Azerbaijani-Karabakh border began preparing to open envelopes with orders for the day of H. However, the development of the situation struck a blow to the Baku administration’s calculations.
Before modern Georgia, the problem of loss of state sovereignty and dismemberment of it by Turkey and Azerbaijan, striving to “strangle it in hug embraces”, is becoming more and more clear. The regional threat to security is Turkey’s aggressive policy aimed at aggravating the tension of the international situation, fueling conflicts, carrying out genocides in the geopolitical space from the Balkans to China and creating great chaos in the Eastern Mediterranean. Threat of security is the rampant terrorism, including the terrorist activities of the “Islamic State” (IG), banned in the Russian Federation, its attempts to spread terrorist expansion to the Caucasus. In relation to Georgia, the pan-Turkist elites of Turkey and Azerbaijan, radical Islamist organizations have certain views on Adjara, Kvemo-Kartli (in Azeri – Borchaly), Javakhk, Pankisi Gorge. At the Paris Peace Conference of 1920? Azerbaijan presented a map on which significant territories of Georgia were to be diverted to Azerbaijan up to the Black Sea, and the border passed through the suburbs of Tbilisi. On many maps published in modern Turkey, either part of Georgia, or more often all Georgia is shown as a Turkish territory.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, speaking in the fall of 2016 in the city of Rize near the Georgian border, said: “Our physical boundaries differ from borders in our heart.” And he added as an example: “Is it possible to distinguish Rize from Batumi?”.
Baku and Ankara intensify pressure on Georgia in order to achieve “federalization” of the country, but not to strengthen it, but for the subsequent dismemberment. According to the Istanbul newspaper Milliyet in October 2008, Turkey’s position is to create a “multilevel federation” in Georgia. Ankara proposes to “return real autonomy” to Adjaria, create Azerbaijani autonomy in Kvemo-Kartli (Borchaly) and repatriate all Meskhetian Turks to Georgia, granting them an autonomous status. The Turkish textbooks refer to the “occupied” status of Batumi.
Turkey’s panturkist elites strive to make Georgia a Turkish bridgehead, part of the Turkish military-political space. Recently, Georgian experts actively warned about this.
Georgian expert Shalva Khachapuridze states: “Turkey has already annexed Georgian territory for several years, especially Adjara – it means economic expansion. There are already a lot of Turks in Batumi, they take the citizenship of Georgia by some unknown channels, and there are some conflicts that occur with the arrived Turks and Orthodox priests. ”
The Georgian diplomat and political scientist Hamlet Chipashvili emphasizes that Turkey has already taken Ajaria away. According to him, various Muslim religious organizations operate in Adjara, which are directly financed by the Turkish government with the aim of converting the maximum number of people to Islam, “this is one of the components of the strategy for the restoration of the Ottoman Empire.”
On March 21, 2012, the Georgian political analyst Alexander Chachia in the newspaper “Georgia and the World” stated: “It’s no secret that all the new facilities in Adjara, which Saakashvili’s government is so proud of, are built by the Turks and are their property. The construction of luxury hotels and other tourist infrastructure in Adjara can not be profitable. (…) The Turks buy up the land and build their facilities in the expectation that in the near future they can be realized as residential apartments for compatriots. I was told that today 23 thousand Turks are registered in Batumi. In all of Adjara, there have never been so many Turks, even when it was part of the Ottoman Empire.
Turkey intensively inhabits Adjaria. According to available information, already a fifth of the population of Batumi is Turkish citizens. A member of the Georgian parliament, Jondi Bagaturia, said that 25,000 Turks living in Adjara received Georgian citizenship. Expert Lavrenty Gurdjieff testifies: “They bought up to 70% of the best land and took possession of the largest objects of the local infrastructure (the airport, one of the cellular networks, etc.). Successful business people, young people, many with military bearing, often with families, settle cottages and apartment buildings built by Turkish firms. The Turkish government subsidizes their business if it turns out to be unprofitable. Helps with loans for the purchase of housing. By various measures it prompts me to settle in Adjara. ” Georgia is very concerned about the “Kosovo scenario”.
On December 23, 2013, the expert of the Institute of Eurasia (Georgia), Georgi Vekua, fixes the current difficult situation: Batumi airport, in addition to being transferred to the Turkish business, is already included in the list of domestic airports in Turkey. The specificity of the Turkish business is that it is moving forward with demographic reinforcement. That’s why Turkish citizens work mainly in many Turkish shops, restaurants and hotels in Batumi and even in Tbilisi.
Another Georgian specialist Shota Apkhaidze testifies: “Mikheil Saakashvili supported the” Gray Wolves “terrorist organization laid a Turkish mine in order to cause riots in Georgia. Today, Saakashvili has at his disposal 3200 Islamic radicals with Georgian passports, who know at a professional level how to cause destabilization in Georgia. Mikheil Saakashvili gave Turkey full hegemony in Adjara, and the airports of Batumi and Tbilisi were handed over to the Turkish company. Under the direct order of Mikhail Saakashvili through these airports, former Defense Minister David Kezerashvili supplied weapons to the “Gray Wolves” grouping.
The Labor Party of Georgia declared a protest to the Turkish authorities in February 2012. The general secretary of this party, Iosif Shatberashvili, stated that the Turkish state conducts cultural, economic and religious expansion against Adjaria, mass purchase of lands, property, business is carried out, Turkish educational institutions are set up purposefully.
Azerbaijan is more secretive, but no less persistently promotes plans for territorial claims against Georgia. In Azerbaijani textbooks Tbilisi, as well as Yerevan, is called the ancient Azerbaijani city. In the Georgian newspaper Kviris Palitra (Palette of the Week), Georgian historian, professor Jaba Samushia emphasizes: “I did not understand anything from these history textbooks. What they write, what they want, for me remains a mystery. Azerbaijan as a state, the country at that time did not exist. The book gives the history of Iran, the Muslim emirates, Albania, Shirvan and, in part, Georgia. And all this is cut out for the history of Azerbaijan.
From a purely scientific point of view, the textbook does not stand up to any criticism. These are absolutely politicized textbooks that have nothing in common with historical science. Let me remind one fact, in 1919 at the Paris conference, where the question of the borders of the newly formed states (Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia) was decided, the Azerbaijani side demanded all Kvemo-Kartli, part of Meskheti and Ajaria to enter Azerbaijan and recognize within these borders. (…) In the textbooks for the seventh grade the history of the Middle Ages and the entire period of the Achaemenids and Sassanids is declared the history of Azerbaijan. According to their textbook, Tbilisi is an Azerbaijani city: “Tiflis was the city of Aran (part of today’s Azerbaijan).”
Since 2008, Baku has been actively providing Azerbaijani citizenship to the residents of the Georgian region of Kvemo-Kartli. The Azeri media writes that after the passportization, Azerbaijan intends to demand from Tbilisi to grant the region the status of autonomy, and in case of refusal to introduce troops there. Azerbaijani political scientist Vafa Guluzade said in 2007 that the Georgian nation is on the verge of extinction. He writes: “If our country was a strong state, then the authorities would make a statement that Borchaly is a native Azerbaijani territory and would support the joining of this region to Azerbaijan.” According to Azerbaijani political scientists, due to the Azerbaijani-Karabakh conflict, Azerbaijan will not dare to accelerate the events in Kvemo-Kartli.
Thus, in fact the Republic of Artsakh (the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic) is a strategic factor in protecting Georgia from Azerbaijani territorial claims.
Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) and Armenia are a system-forming factor of security in the region. The Republic of Artsakh in the course of repelling the aggression of Azerbaijan in 1991-1994. and in April 2016, twice conducted an operation to force Azerbaijan to peace. For many years the NKR Defense Army has been carrying out a peacekeeping function. The Republic of Artsakh is a responsible state that does not threaten anyone with war, does not make territorial claims against its neighbors, and does not require the immediate withdrawal of Azerbaijani troops from the occupied lands of Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh).
Turkey is deliberately implementing its plans in Georgia. Turkey, having achieved the withdrawal of Russian military bases from Georgia, actually ensured the opening of the Georgian-Turkish border. Georgia, along with Azerbaijan, has become a corridor for Turkey, which sends Islamist terrorists, weapons, ammunition to the North Caucasus.
Javakhk’s strategic expansion plans are of strategic importance, as oil and gas supplies from Azerbaijan to Turkey flow through it and through this region it is possible to connect with Azerbaijan in the long term. Turkey forces Georgia to agree to a settlement in Javakhk, on the border with Turkey, Meskhetian Turks. Turkey insists on the number of migrants of Meskhetian Turks in 300 thousand people, which is clearly much overestimated. It should be recalled that 95% of the population of Javakhk is an indigenous population – Armenians. It is obvious that the plans for settlement of the colonists of Meskhetian Turks in Javakhk will provoke the next Armenian-Turkish and Georgian-Turkish conflicts. The Armenian people of Javakhk, like all Armenian citizens of Georgia, are a system-forming factor of stability and strengthening of the Georgian state.
Those Georgian political scientists who actively oppose the Armenians of Javakhk, against Armenia and the Artsakh Republic, are an obedient tool of anti-Georgian external forces that support the dismemberment and liquidation of the Georgian state. It is regrettable to state that the thinking of such “experts” is in a crisis of goal-setting, consists of propaganda cliches, dispenses with meaning and content.
On November 2, 2011, the Georgian political scientist Guram Sharia said that Turkey is slowly but surely “mastering” Georgia. As G.Sharia underlines, Georgian political scientists realize that after the coming to power in Turkey of so-called moderate Islamists, Muslim institutions with Turkish funding and patronage became the main weapon for promoting these plans. G.Sharia notes: “Turkish expansion is felt not only in Ajaria, but also in whole Georgia”.
On March 25, 2012, in an interview with the Ukrainian Internet publication Khvilya, a Georgian politician and former deputy of the Georgian parliament Levan Pirveli stated: “In the not so distant past, half of Georgia was in the Ottoman, and the second – in the Russian Empire. In the part that fell into the Ottoman Empire, from the Georgian statehood, ethnos, religion, there was no stone unturned. And the part that fell into the Russian empire, eventually gained statehood and independence. Now the whole of Georgia is again being dragged into the new Ottoman Empire. The contours of this policy are already being seen – so, the policy of Islamization of Georgia is already underway. (…) The signing of the agreement between the governments of Turkey and Georgia on the construction of the mosque of Sultan Abdul Aziziye, one of the brutal invaders of Georgia in Batumi, caused protests even of Muslim Ajarians. ”
Traditionally every year on August 12, Georgia celebrates the Daygorob holiday in Georgia, which is associated with the most famous battle in the history of the country: on this day in 1121 the Georgian king David IV the Builder in Didgori defeated the army of the Seljuk Turks. To date, Didgoroba is a national holiday, symbolizing the importance of national unity. But Turkey in 2017 demanded that this holiday be canceled. Commenting on the situation, Georgian analyst Gia Khukhashvili noted that all this is an indicator of how easy it is to “curb Georgia”: “The mere fact that Turkey dares to interfere in what day will be celebrated in Georgia testifies to their attitude towards us. Rather, it is an appeal to a vassal rather than a partner. They say that we should not celebrate what we are proud of, but build the Aziziye Mosque in Batumi. Although historically, Aziziye was the opposite of Didgori. ”
According to the testimony of Georgian expert Arno Khidirbegishvili, on 14 August 2008, Recep Tayyip Erdogan (the current president and then the Turkish prime minister) flew to Moscow urgently and implored Putin to divide Georgia between Russia and Turkey. In this case, Turkish troops would enter Batumi and Adjara would be occupied by Turkey. On March 3, 2009, Minister of the Interior of Georgia Vano Merabishvili confirmed this fact. “Turkey was ready during the Russian-Georgian war to bring its armed forces to Adjaria,” he said in an interview with the Georgian news agency. But the Turks banned Russia.
October 30, 2017 the official opening of the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway was held. According to experts, the project lacks economic feasibility and profitability. And for Georgia, it generally creates one problem, both political and economic. Turkey and Azerbaijan will fully control the Georgian section of the road with the help of 3,000 of their employees who are citizens of these countries, and most likely part of them are special services employees.
November 1, 2017, Irakli Chkheidze (Tbilisi) states: “It’s time to ask the question: what is good for the Georgian ports? If the railway reduces their competitive ability, then what will be their future destiny? But in addition to the existing large ports Batumi and Poti are going to build and no less large deep-sea port in Anaklia, the cost of which is almost $ 5 billion. Has anyone in Georgia counted how much we win on the railway and how much will lose due to underloading of ports? “. Irakli Chkheidze stresses: “One can not get rid of the feeling that behind it (the railway project) another, more important, goal looms. (…) The creation of the Great Turan has always been the cherished dream of the leaders of Turkey, whatever titles they wore – from the Sultan to the presidential one. (…) What will happen next, and where is the place of modern Georgia in this world? ”
What is the way out for Georgia before the constant threat of loss of state sovereignty and its dismemberment by Turkey and Azerbaijan?
Neither NATO nor anyone else will be saved by Georgia. An example of the occupation of Turkey by the northern part of Cyprus is obvious. The only solution is based on the historical tradition of close strategic alliance of Georgia with Armenia and the Republic of Artsakh, as well as in restoring allied relations with Russia. It is worth recalling that from the end of the 11th to the beginning of the 13th century the Armenian-Georgian united struggle against the Seljuk Turks had brilliant results, and Georgia united in a single and powerful state. This period of the Armenian-Georgian union in Georgia is deservedly called the golden age of Georgian history.
History testifies that the princes of Artsakh rendered invaluable assistance to Georgia in the struggle against the Turks. In the inscription on one of the walls of the Cathedral of the Holy Mother of God of the Dadivank monastery, Prince Asan I Vakhtangyan tells of his wars against the Turks, which he led for 40 years since 1142. The great significance of Artsakh in the Armenian-Georgian military-political union is confirmed by the fact that the founder this alliance, Grand Duke Sargis Zakaryan, amirspasalar (commander-in-chief) Armenian-Georgian troops under the legendary queen Tamara and the father of the brothers Ivane and Zakaré, issued two of his daughters – Dop and Horishah – for the princes of Artsakh from Khachen.
Only the creation of a system of collective security of the countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Neo-Byzantine Civilization (VSNVC), which includes Georgia, Armenia, Artsakh, Russia and many other countries, can prevent Turkish expansion and encourage the Turkish leadership to review its policies. Turkish expansion in this civilizational space was halted in two places: as a result of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic’s Defense Army carrying out operations to enforce the peace of Azerbaijan in the course of repelling the terrorist intervention of Azerbaijan in 1991-1994. and in April 2016? and the actions of the Air and Space Forces of the Russian Federation in suppressing terrorist aggression in Syria.
On December 2, 2011, the analyst of the Russian news agency Regnum, Stanislav Tarasov, voiced the original draft of the Armenian-Georgian confederation: “However, many for some reason forgot a different geopolitical project that had chances to be realized. It is a question of the plan of the Russian Tsar Peter the Great to create in the Transcaucasus a Georgian-Armenian state, the return to this project of the Emperor Paul the First. Finally, we note that after the collapse of the Transcaucasian Seim in May 1918, the Armenian and Georgian national committees held closed talks in Tiflis on the possibility of creating a Georgian-Armenian confederation. ”
Recall that in 1722-1723 during the war between Russia and Persia, Peter the Great took a number of measures to create a military-political union of Russia, Artsakh and Georgia. A plan was developed for the liberation of Transcaucasia and the re-creation of the Armenian and Georgian states.
The growth of the international authority of the Republic of Artsakh makes the recognition of its independence by the international community on the basis of the UN Charter and international norms
ORIGINES SOURCE –russia-armenia.info/node/44581